Saint Petersburg State University, Russia
Special aspects of the development of artistic and cultural environment of the second half of the 19th century in Sweden stemmed from the historical and cultural processes and events associated with the rise of the national movement. Announced in 1811 in a session of the Swedish Society in Stockholm the idea of cultural community of northern countries and that the creative elite needs to turn to the art of the past, to their origins, finds manifestation in various forms of art in Sweden. The birth of “Movements of the North”, which followed it, revived interest in authentic old periods of Scandinavian history. To a large extent it determined the nature of artistic imagery in visual, monumental and applied arts of the “Nordic French”. In the Swedish porcelain production these trends can be traced in several stages, from historicism with its emphsis on perception and new reading of the literature and material monuments of the Vikings to a completely new imagery, subjects and forms of Swedish Art Nouveau.