Research Institute of Theory and History of Architecture and Urban Planning, Russia
The theme of a cross takes a special place in interior decoration of the rock-hewn churches of Ethiopia. It has different forms. Crosses on the pole-form base were cut on the both sides of exit from naos space in churches of “tygranian cross-in-square” type. These crosses could take a place on the pillars in other types of churches. Variations of cross forms and aspects of cross relief location in church space are demonstrated in the report. The author draws parallels with church reliefs in other regions.