Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title “Recueil d’Architecture Civile” of J.-Ch. Krafft and Its Perception by Ticinese Artists of Empire Style in Moscow
Author email
About author Klimenko, Julia Gavriilovna — Ph. D., professor. Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy) (MARCHI), Rozhdestvenka ul., 11/4-1-4, 107031 Moscow, Russian Federation.
In the section Russian Art of the 19th Century DOI10.18688/aa188-3-25
Year 2018 Volume 8 Pages 267279
Type of article RAR Index UDK 72.035 Index BBK 85.110

The article is focused on the problem of perception of illustrated architectural editions by J.-Ch. Krafft in Russia, especially Recueil d’Architecture Civile with 120 plates representing the best of neoclassical French architecture. Numerous publications of this Almanac and handwritten copies of its engravings prove interest to the source of the most successful projects and show appreciation of a significant artifact of specific culture, which came to be highly esteemed only after the loss of many monuments during the French revolution.

While the value of this deluxe illustrated edition for Russia where active construction of mansions demanded proved architectural examples is obvious, for a long time researchers failed to uncover any facts showing its presence or use by clients or architects. Thus, finding out some traces of the use of the edition is a certain discovery. These traces were found in the archive of Luigi Pelli, a Swiss architect who worked in Moscow and other Russian towns. He graduated from Brera Academy of Fine Arts in Milan; so, he came to Russia with some real experience of construction. The architect’s family keeps his multiple projects and sketches showing many buildings of Moscow and Moscow region. Handmade copies of Krafft’s Almanac make up a significant part of these graphic documents.

We need to determine a role of each of these architects to learn the overall significance of their community and to understand the context of their school. As long as we are able to find out the sources of specific borrowings we can hope to correct a range of wrong views and revise attribution of edifices in Moscow and rural areas in the construction of which Italian and Ticinese artists participated.

Reference Klimenko, Julia G. “Recueil d’Architecture Civile” of J.-Ch. Krafft and Its Perception by Ticinese Artists of Empire Style in Moscow. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 8. Ed. S. V. Mal’tseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2018, pp. 267–279. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Crivelli A. Artisti ticinesi dal Baltico al Mar Nero: Svezia — Polonia — Cecoslovacchia — Austria — Jugoslavia — Ungheria — Romania — Turchia: Catalogo critico. Locarno, Unione di banche svizzere Publ., 1969. 119 p. (in Italian).
  • Crivelli A. Artisti ticinesi in Russia. Catalogo critico, collana Artisti ticinesi nel mondo. Locarno, Unione delle Banche Svizzere Publ., 1966. (in Italian).
  • Croci Maspoli B.; Zappa G. Le maestranze artistiche malcantonesi in Russia dal XVII al XX secolo, catalogo della mostra. Firenze, Ed. Octavo Publ., 1994. 275 р. (in Italian)..
  • Pelly L. Dnevnik puteshestvija Luidzhi Pelli, rodom iz Arano, iz Peterburga v Lugano v 1829 godu (Travel Diary of Luigi Pelly, a Native of Arano, from St. Petersburg to Lugano in 1829). Moscow, Ticino Management C. A. Publ., 2015 (in Russian).
  • Frey K. Le recueil d’architecture civile (1812) de Jean-Charles Krafft: sources et “choix idéal” de la maison aux champs. Bulletin monumental, vol. 155, no. 4, 1997, pp. 301–316 (in French).
  • Gallet M. Les architectes parisiens au XVIIIe siècle. Dictionnaire biographique et critique. Paris, Mengès Publ., 1995. 495 р. (in French).
  • Grabar’ I. Je. The Early Alexandrine Classicism and Its French Sources. Starye gody (Old years), 1912, July — September, pp. 68–96 (in Russian).
  • Frommel S., Leuschner E. (eds.). Gravures d’architecture et d’ornament au début de l’époque moderne: processus de migration en Europe. Roma, Campisano Editore Publ., 2014. 448 р. (in French).
  • Hautecoeur L. Histoire de l’architecture classique en France, vols. 1–6. Paris, Picard Publ., 1943–1955 (in French).
  • Klimenko Ju. G. Krafft Jean-Charles. Arhitekturnye iubilei. Kalendar’ pamiatnyh dat 2012–2016 (Architectural Anniversaries. Calendar of Memorable Dates 2012–2016). Moscow, Rudnevykh Publ., 2012, pp. 145–147 (in Russian).
  • Klimenko Ju. G. Luigi Pelly in the Post-Fire Moscow. To the Attribution of Graphics Archive of the Swiss Architect. Nauka, obrazovanie i eksperimental’noe proektirovanie v MARHI: Tezisy dokladov mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii professorsko-prepodavatel’skogo sostava, molodyh uchenyh i studentov (Science, Education and Experimental Design in the Moscow Architectural Institute: Abstracts of the International Scientific-Practical Conference of the Faculty Stuff, Young Scientists and Students), vol. 1. Moscow, MARHI Publ., 2016, pp. 45–46 (in Russian).
  • Klimenko Ju. G. Andrea Palladio and the Genesis of a Rotunda in the Residential Construction of French Classicism. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles, vol. 6. A. V. Zakharova; S. V. Mal’tseva; E. Yu. Stanyukovich-Denisova (eds.). Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2016, pp. 474–483, 899–900. Available at: (accessed 02 March 2017) (in Russian).
  • Klimenko Ju. G. Architectural Books of J.-Ch. Krafft as a Source of French Neoclassicism (To the 250th Anniversary of the Publisher). Voprosy vseobshhei istorii arhitektury (Questions of General History of Architecture), 2016, vol. 6, pp. 182–201 (in Russian).
  • Klimenko Ju. G. French Architectural Treatises in the Portfolio of Foreign Artists Who Worked in the Estates of Russian Empire. Russkaia usad’ba: Sbornik Obshhestva izucheniia Russkoi usad’by (Russian Country Estate: Collection of Articles of the Society for the Study of Russian Manor), 2017, vol. 21 (37), pp. 184–215 (in Russian).
  • Krafft J.-C.; Ransonnette N. Plans, coupes et élévations des plus belles maisons et hôtels construits à Paris et dans les environs. Paris, l’Auteur, en an IX (1801) et années suivantes. 120 pl. (in French).
  • Krafft J.-C. Recueil d’Аrchitecture civile contenant les plans, coupes et élévations des châteaux, maisons de campagne, et habitations rurales, jardins anglais, temples, chaumières, kiosques, ponts, etc., situés, aux environs de Paris et dans les départemens voisins, avec les décorations intérieures, et le detail de ce qui concerne l’embellissement des jardins. Paris, Imprimerie de Crapelet Publ., 1806–1807, 1812. 22 p., 120 pl. (in French).
  • Krafft J.-Ch. Plans des plus beaux jardins pittoresques de France, d’Angleterre et d’Allemagne… Paris, Imprimerie de Levrault Publ., 1809–1810. P. 1–2. 94 p.: 96 pl. (in French).
  • Krafft J.-С. Recueil des plus jolies maisons de Paris et de ses environs comprenant les élévations intérieures et extérieures. Paris, Imprimerie de J. L. Scherff Publ., 1809. 96 pl. (in French).
  • Krafft J.-C.; Ransonnette N. Plans, coupes et élévations des plus belles maisons et des hôtels construits à Paris et dans les environs (1771–1802). Paris, Librairie d’art decoratif et industriel Publ., 1909. 120 pl. (in French).
  • Navone N. Costruire per gli zar. Architetti ticinesi in Russia (1700‒1850). Bellinzona, Casagrande Publ., 2010. 163 p. (in Italian)
  • Navone N.; Tedeschi L. Dal mito al progetto. La cultura architettonica dei maesteri italiani e ticinesi nella Russia neoclassica. 2 vols. Mendrisio, Accademia di Architettura Mendrisio Publ., 2003. 916 p. (in Italian).
  • Pfister A.; Angelini P. Gli architetti Gilardi a Mosca. La raccolta dei disegni conservati in Ticino. Mendrisio, Academy Press Publ., 2007. 247 p. (in Italian).
  • Tessin R. P.-N. Ransonette et J.-C. Krafft Architektur — und Ornamentgraphik der Frühen Neuzit: Migrationsprozesse in Europa. Gravures d’architecture et d’ornament au début de l’époque moderne: processus de migration en Europe. Sous la direction S. Frommel, Ec. Leuschner. Roma, Campisano Editore Publ., 2014, pp. 168–169 (in French).