Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title Language, Photography and Sign. On the Semiotic Status of Images and Objects
Author email
About author Vasilyeva, Ekaterina Viktorovna — Ph. D., associate professor. Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaia nab., 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the section Art Theory DOI10.18688/aa188-6-55
Year 2018 Volume 8 Pages 567574
Type of article RAR Index UDK 76.03 Index BBK 85.160

The article is devoted to the study of the principles of the meaning and the formation of values in photography and the realm of language. The goal of this work is to study the principles in the system of photographic images and the structure of language, where a picture reveals the possibility of non-articulated sense and creates the new regalement of an object. The article is also devoted to the aspects of a sign, which is not only the linguistic basis, but the ground of art theories in the 20th century. This study is based on the supposition that the structure of language and the strategy of a snapshot are similar in many questions. But, at the same time, the principles of language and snapshots reveal significant differences. The author suggests that in relation to the object, a picture and language form a duplicate system that corrects perception and forms an independent ideology of values. The researcher points out the difference of the basic strategies of sense — both in a language system and in a photographic image. The snapshot does not have the denotative meaning: the author supposes that photography allows doubting not only the final sense images, but also the result meaning of language. These observations allow us to take a fresh look at the problem of the interaction between an object and meaning in a photographic image. The snapshot and the language significantly correct the representation of an object — in its phenomenological status and in the sense of the hierarchical articulation of a subject. The status of an object changes in the 20th century, as well as the system of values attached to it.

Reference Vasilyeva, Ekaterina V. Language, Photography and Sign. On the Semiotic Status of Images and Objects. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 8. Ed. S. V. Mal’tseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2018, pp. 567–574. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Barthes R. Camera Lucida. New York, Hill and Wang Publ., 1981. 223 p.
  • Bataille G. L’Expérience intérieure. Paris, Gallimard Publ., 1943. 252 p. (in French).
  • Cartier-Bresson H. Decisive Moment (1952). Gottingen, Steidl Publ., 2014. 160 p.
  • Derrida J. Of Grammatology (1967). Baltimore; London, Johns Hopkins University Press Publ., 1997. 410 p.
  • Derrida J. Speech and Phenomena: And Other Essays on Husserl’s Theory of Signs (1967). Evanston, Northwestern University Press Publ., 1989. 210 p.
  • Doran R. The Theory of the Sublime from Longinus to Kant. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Publ., 2015. 250 p.
  • Gasparov B. Iazyk, pamiat’, obraz. Lingvistika iazykovogo sushhestvovaniia (Language, Memory, Image. Existence Linguistics). Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 1996. 352 p. (in Russian).
  • Groys B. Art in the Age of Biopolitics From Artwork to Art Documentation. Cambridge, MA., MIT Press Publ., 2008. 188 p.
  • Groys B. The Total Art of Stalinism: Avant-Garde, Aesthetic Dictatorship, and beyond. Princeton, N. J.; Oxford, Princeton University Press Publ., 1992. 126 p.
  • Hjelmslev L. Prolegomena to a Theory of Language. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press Publ., 1961. 250 p.
  • Husserl E. Logical Investigations (1900). London, Routledge Publ., 1973. 520 p.
  • Husserl E. Philosophy of Arithmetic Psychological and Logical Investigations (1887-1901). Berlin, Kluwer Academic Publ., 2003. 580 p.
  • Kant I. Critique of Judgement (1790). J. Creed Meredith (trans.). Oxford, Oxford University Press Publ., 2007. 685 p.
  • Krauss R. Tracing Nadar. October, 1978, vol. 5, pp. 29-47.
  • Nesbit M. Atget’s Seven Albums. New Haven; London, Yale Publications in the History of Art Publ., 1993. 428 p.
  • Peirce C. Semiotic and Significs: The Correspondence between Charles S. Peirce and Victoria Lady Welby (1903-1912). Bloomington, Indiana University Press Publ., 2001. 55 p.
  • Plato. The Republic. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Publ., 2000. 382 p.
  • Podoroga V. Vopros o veshhi. Opyty po analiticheskoj antropologii (The Question about a Thing. Experiments on Analytical Anthropology). Saint Petersburg, Grjundisse Publ., 2016. 348 p. (in Russian).
  • Rykov A. V Art of Modernism and the Idea of Progress. Vestnik Sanct-Peterburgskogo universiteta (Saint Petersburg University Herald), Series 2, 2014, vol. 3, pp. 73-82 (in Russian).
  • Rykov A. V. Modernist Art: The Main Principles. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta (Saint Petersburg University Herald), Series 2, 2011, vol. 4, pp. 51-57 (in Russian).
  • Rykov A. V. To the Question of Modernist Paradigm in Art of the 20th Century. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta (Saint-Petersburg University Herald), Series 2, 2013, vol. 3, pp. 123-132 (in Russian).
  • Sartre J.-P. The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination. J. Webber (trans.). London; New York, Routledge Publ., 2004. 234 p.
  • Saussure F. de. Course in General Linguistics (1916). La Salle, Illinois, Open Court Publ., 1983. 260 p.
  • Shore S. American Surfaces (1974). London, Phaidon Press Publ., 2008. 224 p.
  • Shore S. Uncommon Places. New York, Aperture Foundation Publ., 1982. 188 р.
  • Sontag S. On Photography. New York, Farrar, Straus & Giroux Publ., 1977. 165 p.
  • Szarkowski J. (ed.). William Eggleston’s Guide (1976). New York, The Museum of Modern Art Publ., 2002. 112 p.
  • Vasileva E. Susan Sontag on Photography: The Idea of Beauty and The Problem of Norm. Vestnik Sankt- Peterburgskogo universiteta (Saint Petersburg University Herald), Series 15, 2014, no. 3, pp. 64-80 (in Russian).
  • Vasileva E. The Idea of Sign and the Principle of Exchange in the Field of Photography and in the System of Language. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta (Saint Petersburg University Herald), Series 15, 2016, no. 1, pp. 4-33 (in Russian).
  • Wittgenstein L. Philosophical Investigations (1953). Oxford, Blackwell Publ., 2001. 321 p.