Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title The Armenian Four Gospels of the Russian State Library (f. 439.23.5): the Attribution of the Miniatures
Author email
About author Danielyan, Inesa Garnik — Ph. D. student. Yerevan State University, Alex Manoogian Str., 1,0025 Yerevan, Republic of Armenia.
In the section Eastern Christian Art DOI10.18688/aa177-2-28
Year 2017 Volume 7 Pages 280286
Type of article RAR Index UDK 7.033; 7.033.2; 7.033.12 Index BBK 85.14

 The article is devoted to the study of the miniatures of the Armenian Four Gospels from the manuscript collection of Russian State Library (f. 439.23.5). The illustrations of the manuscript consist of canontables (khorans), portraits of the Evangelists, title pages, and marginalias. The author, the date, and the place of the creation of the Gospels are unknown, as the last pages, where the main information about a manuscript is usually put down, were lost. The article discusses the question of the authorship of the manuscript art work. The portraits of the evangelists demonstrate close similarity with Momik’s manuscript of 1302 (Yerevan, Matenadaran,№ 6792). Based on the stylistic and iconographic study of the miniatures, we consider that it was Momik who illustrated the Gospels f. 439.23.5. The codex can be dated to the first decade of the 14th century. It is possible that the patrons of the manuscript were the Orbelians, one of the most significant feudal families of the time, as master Momik generally worked under their patronage. 


Reference Danielyan, Inesa G. The Armenian Four Gospels of the Russian State Library (f. 439.23.5): the Attribution of the Miniatures. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 7. Ed. S. V. Mal’tseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2017, pp. 280–286. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Avetisyan A. Armenian Miniature School of Gladzor. Erevan, Haykakan Sovetakan Socialistakan Hanrapetowt’an Gitut’yunneri Academia Publ., 1971. 199 p. (in Armenian).
  • Barkhudaryan S. Armenian Medieval Architects and Masters of Stone. Erevan, Hayastani Sovetakan Socialistakan Hanrapetowt’an Gitut’yunneri Academia Publ., 1963. 381 p. (in Armenian).
  • Buchtal H. A. Byzantine Miniature of the Fourth Evangelist and Its Relatives. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 1961, vol. 15, pp. 127–140.
  • Danielian I. G. Master Momik: Architect, Sculptor and Miniaturist (On Iconographic Features of Some of His Artworks). Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles, vol. 6. A. V. Zakharova; S. V. Maltseva; E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova (eds.). Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2016, pp. 150–157 (in Russian). Available at: (accessed 12 February 2017).
  • Danielyan I. The Portraits of the Evangelists in Momik’s Gospel of 1292. Deviataia nauchnaia sessiia molodyh armianskih iskusstvovedov. Materialy sessii (9th Scientific Session of Young Armenian Art Historians). Erevan, Gitowt’yown Publ., 2015, pp. 169–176 (in Armenian).
  • Der-Nersessian S. Miniature Painting in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century, vol. 1. Washington DC, Dumbarton Oaks Publ., 1993. 198 p.
  • Der-Nersessian S. An Illustrated Armenian Gospel of the 14th Сentury and Check List of Armenian Manuscripts in the Case Memorial Library. The Hartford Seminary Foundation Bulletin, 1974, vol. 19, pp. 1–7.
  • Gevorgyan A. Vayoc D’ori & Orotani manrankarchowt’yowny’ XIII–XVII dd. (The Art of Miniature of Vayots Dzor and Vorotan of the 13th–17th Centuries). Erevan, Zangak-97 Publ., 2004. 184 p. (in Armenian).
  • Hasrat’yan M. A New Discovered Monuments of Armenian Architecture and Sculpture in Noravank. Lraber hasarakakan gitowt’yownneri (Journal of Social Sciences), 1984, vol. 8, pp. 57–68 (in Armenian).
  • Karagyowzyan H.; Korxmazyan E. Haykakan manrankarchowt’yown. Zardatar’er (Armenian Miniature. Ornament Initials). Erevan, Anahit Publ., 1992. 108 p. (in Armenian).
  • Kazarian V.; Manukian S. Matenadaran. Armianskaia rukopisnaia kniga VI–XIV vekov (Matenadaran. Armenian Manuscript of the 6th–14th Centuries), vol. 1. Moscow, Kniga Publ., 1991. 282 p. (in Russian).
  • Kyurkchyan A.; Khatcherian H. H. Armenian Ornamental Script. Erevan, Craftology Publ., 2012. 190 p.
  • Manukian S. S. Cilician Title Pages in the Light of the Bifunctionality of the Armenian Gospel. Hay arvesti harcer 3 (Questions of Armenian Art 3). Erevan, Gitowt’yown Publ., 2010, pp. 211–229 (in Russian).
  • Mat’evosyan K. Momik (Momik). Erevan, Legal Plus Publ., 2010. 88 p. (in Armenian).
  • Mat’evosyan K., Zaqaryan L. Momik manrankarich (13–14-rd dd.) (Momik Miniaturist (13th–14th Centuries)). Erevan, Nairi Publ., 2010. 62 p. (in Armenian).
  • Mnacakanyan St. Armenian Sculptor, Architect and Miniaturist of 14th Century Momik. Patma-banasisakan handes (Journal for History and Philology), 1968, vol. 3, pp. 219–228 (in Armenian).
  • Mnacakanyan S. Varpetac varpetner. Manowel. Trdat. Momik (The Masters of Stone. Manuel, Trdat, Momik).
  • Erevan, Hayastani Sovetakan Socialistakan Hanrapetowt’an Gitut’yunneri Academia Publ., 1982. 180 p. (in Armenian).
  • Petrosyan H. Momik’s Khachkars. Momik 750: Zekowcowmneri jhoghovac’ow՝nvirvac’ Momiki c’nndyan 750 amyakin (Momik 750. Collection of Papers Devoted to Momik’s 750th Anniversary). Erevan, Gitowt’yown Publ., 2011, pp. 22–28 (in Armenian).
  • Qyowrdyan H. On the Miniaturist of 14th Century Momik. Patma-banasirakan handes (Journal for History and Philology), 1969, vol. 2, pp. 203–204 (in Armenian).