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Title The Gold “Helmet” from the Ak-Burun Tumulus (1875)
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About author Vinogradov, Iurii Alekseevich — full doctor, leading researcher. Institute for the History of Material Culture of Russian Academy of Sciences, Dvortsovaia nab., 18, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the section Art and Artistic Culture of the Ancient World. Archaeological Object and a Work of Art: Their Similarities and Differences DOI10.18688/aa177-1-10
Year 2017 Volume 7 Pages 96102
Type of article RAR Index UDK 7.032; 739 Index BBK 85.125.4

The gold openwork “helmet”, which was found in the tumulus at the Cape of Ak-Burun in 1875, is one of the well-known works of the Bosporan toreutics. The barrow can be dated back to the late 4th — early 3rd century BC. The “helmet” is usually interpreted as the object of Graeco-Scythian art. Its decorative systemconsists of double volutes and floral designs. Details of the design demonstrate the Macedonian influence, and, in all probability, the “helmet” was made by a Macedonian craftsman who worked at Cimmerian Bosporus.This outstanding object has never been the subject of special study to appreciate its significance in archaeological context. The double volutes on the “helmet” can be understood like big horns (Horns of Amon) —one of Alexander the Great’s power symbols. But it was also the image of farn that was typical for Iranian peoples. The big flower of calla, growing between horns, is the most important element of cult symbolism in the decorative composition. From theoretical point of view this “helmet” is the key item for our interpretation of the Ak-Burun tumulus.It is highly possible that the piece once belonged to a barbarian chief, who was at the same time a priest. Other finds from the same context (a golden wreath, spherical pendant-amulets, a golden finger-ring with an ironinsert, etc.) support such point of view.

Reference Vinogradov, Iurii A. The Gold “Helmet” from the Ak-Burun Tumulus (1875). Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 7. Ed. S. V. Mal’tseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2017, pp. 96–102. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
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