Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title Ancient European Synagogues in the Drawings by G. K. Lukomsky.
Author email
About author Shekhurina, Ludmila Diodorovna — Ph. D., member of the Union of artists of Russia, associate professor. Saint Petersburg State Institute of Culture, Dvortsovaia nab., 2, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the section Cult and Artistic Culture DOI10.18688/aa166-11-86
Year 2016 Volume 6 Pages 784789
Type of article RAR Index UDK 72+76 Index BBK 85.11, 85.15

The article is devoted to one of the areas of graphic creativity of the artist-architect and art historian, the purist of architectural antiques, George Crescentia Lukomsky (1884–1952), in the years of emigration. G. K. Lukomsky lived in exile for more than 30 years, but his creative work previous study by local and foreign historians has not covered all the aspects of his activities. Among these activities, there is a series of Jewish religious architecture drawings.

In the 1920–30s, when he was in exile, the artist was seriously fascinated by the architectural forms of ancient synagogues. Visiting Volhynia, Galicia, Poland, and then Italy, France, Spain, Germany, Holland, England, and Portugal, the artist sketched more than 200 synagogues and was delighted with the originality of these remarkable temples. From 1934 to 1936, in the galleries of England, France and Portugal, there were a number of successful exhibitions of old European synagogues drawings. They were reflected in the émigré press and in the publications by G. K. Lukomsky himself, little known to our contemporaries.

The article reveals poorly studied aspects of G. K. Lukomsky’s graphic and artistic heritage. Finally, the author makes a special tribute to the significant contribution to the study of religious Jewish architecture of Europe made by Lukomsky.

Reference Liudmila Shekhurina. Ancient European Synagogues in the Drawings by G. K. Lukomsky.. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 6. Eds: Anna V. Zakharova, Svetlana V. Maltseva, Ekaterina Yu. Stanyukovich-Denisova. St. Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2016, pp. 784–789. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Benois A. N. Exhibition of Ancient Synagogues. Khudozhestvennye pisma 1930–1936. Gazeta “Posledniye novosti” (Artistic Letters 1930–1936. Newspaper “Latest News”). Paris — Moscow, Galart Publ., 1997, pp. 176– 177 (in Russian).
  • Brajkovich M. G. Lukomski Exhibition in London. Poslednie novosti (Latest News), 19 Apr. 1936 (in Russian).
  • De Mori G. Opera del pittore Giorgio Lukomski del giudizio della critica italiana. Vicenza, 1925. 216 p. (in Italian).
  • Exposição Georges K. Lukomski “Sinagogas antigas da Europa (Seculos XI A XVIII)”. Associação da juventude israelita. Lisboa, 1936. 10 p. (in Portuguese).
  • Goldring C. D. Lukomski’s Synagogues. The Studio, 1936, vol. 111, p. 347.
  • Kobak A. V.; Severyukhin D. Y. Materials for the Biography of G. K. Lukomski. Antsiferovskie tcteniia (Antsiferov Reading). Leningrad, 1989, pp. 49–55 (in Russian).
  • Kobak A. V.; Severyukhin D. J. G. K. Lukomskii: Sketch of the Life and Creativity. Nevskij arhiv. Istoriko-kraevedcheskij sbornik (Nevsky archive. Historical-artistic collection), vol. 6. Saint-Petersburg, 2003. P. 528–554 (in Russian).
  • Kornilov P. E. (ed.) Georgij Crescentievitch Lukomski: [Katalog vystavki] (Georgy Crescentic Lukomsky: [Exhibition Catalog]). Kazan, Central Museum of the TSSR, 1928. 32 p., ill. (in Russian).
  • Lissim S. Synagogues anciennes а la gal. de Beaux-Arts. Beaux-Arts, 1935, Feb. 15, p. 2 (in French).
  • Loukomski G. K. Jewish Art in European Synagogues (From the Middle Ages to the Eighteenth Century). London, Hutchinson & Co ltd Publ., [1947]. 182 p., ill. (in English).
  • Loukomski G. Les Synagogues. La revue de L’Art ancient et modern, vol. LXX, no. 375, Jan. 1937, pp. 211– 226 (in French).
  • Loukomski G. K. Synagogues Anciennes. Pologne — Tchecoslovaquie — Espagne — France. [Catalogue de l’exposition]. Paris. Galerie de “La gazette des Beaux-Arts, 1935. 9 p. (in French).
  • Lukomski G. Ancient Architecture of Galicia. Apollon (Apollo), 1915, no. 1, pp. 4–13; no 2, pp. 24–49 (in Russian).
  • Lukomski G. Galitsiia v eio starine: Ocherki po istorii arhitektury XII–XVII vv. i risunki G. K. Lukomskogo (Galicija in Its Antiquity: Essays on the History of Architecture of 12th–18th Centuries. and Drawings by G. K. Lukomski). Petrograd, Shypovnik, 1915. 125 p. (in Russian).
  • Makovsky S. Georgij Lukomski. Spolohi (Flashes), 1922, no. 4, p. 28 (in Russian).
  • Poljakov-Litovtsev S. Work by G. K. Lukomsky. Poslednie novosti (Latest news), 10 Apr. 1934 (in Russian).
  • Réau L. G. K. Loukomski: Sa vie et son oeure de peintre et d’historien d’art. Paris, Éditions Occitania, 1929. 107 p. (in French).
  • Shekhurina L. D. “Traveling enthusiast”. Georgy Lukomsky in Exile. Zarubegnaia Rossiia 1917–1939 (Foreign Russia 1917–1939 ), vol. 2. Saint-Petersburg, 2003, pp. 458–463 (in Russian).