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Title The Prophet and the Thinker: The Quest for Paradise in the Pictorial and Religious Philosophy of A. A. Ivanov
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About author Tsvetaeva, Marina Nikolaevna — Ph. D. (art history), full doctor (cultural studies), professor. St. Petersburg State Institute of Film and Television. Ul. Pravdy, 13, 191119 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. ORCID:0000-0001-7826-4039
In the section Russian Art in the 18th–19th Centuries DOI10.18688/aa2111-07-57
Year 2021 Volume 11 Pages 710717
Type of article RAR Index UDK 7.5046 821.161.1 Index BBK 85.103

The article is devoted to the biblical and evangelical theme in the works of A. A. Ivanov — an outstanding thinker of the historical genre, a painter-philosopher and prophet, who influenced the development of Russian and European art of the 19th–20th centuries; in particular, on Ge, Vrubel, Surikov, Nesterov, and Kandinsky. The testimonies of Nikolay Gogol, who notes the significance of the personal finding of Christ by Ivanov, is an important document for understanding his spiritual and aesthetic concept, the plots devoted to the image of the “miraculous” and the formation of a new pictorial and figurative language in such works as ‘The Archangel Gabriel strikes Zacharias dumb’ (1850), ‘The Annunciation to the Virgin Mary’, ‘The Dream of Joseph’, ‘Walking on the Waters’. Hence, his turn to comprehend Byzantine and Old Russian culture while working on sketches for the wall painting of the Church of the Resurrection of Christ in 1845 is quite natural. In the biblical and evangelical sketches, he used the effects of glowing, luminescence techniques, achieving the dematerialization of the classical form, its sculptureness, three-dimensionality, and volume. Thus, Ivanov’s historical works on the biblical and evangelical cycles went far beyond the limits of their time, lifting the viewer to the high order of moral and religious meaning of art, to deep reflection on the values of being, allowing them to enter a new artistic and ideological language.

Reference Tsvetaeva, Marina N. The Prophet and the Thinker: The Quest for Paradise in the Pictorial and Religious Philosophy of A. A. Ivanov. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 11. Eds A. V. Zakharova, S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2021, pp. 710–717. ISSN 2312-2129.
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