Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title Festive Row of the Iconostasis of the Assumption Cathedral of the Big Tikhvin Monastery and Its Place in the Art of the Ivan the Terrible Era
Author email
About author Shalina, Irina Alexandrovna — Ph. D., senior researcher. The State Russian Museum, Inzhenernaya ul., 4, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. ORCID: 0000-0001-8187-6677
In the section Medieval Russian Art DOI10.18688/aa2111-03-29
Year 2021 Volume 11 Pages 360381
Type of article RAR Index UDK Index BBK 85.14

The most significant in quality and quantity medieval ensemble preserved in the Russian Museum is the iconostasis of the Assumption Cathedral of the Tikhvin Monastery (ab. 60 icons), acquired as a result of the museum’s expeditionary activity in the 1950–60s. It included the Local, Deesis, Festive, Prophetic, and Forefather rows painted by masters of the 16th and 17th centuries. As it was established, the oldest part of the ensemble ended up in Tikhvin only in 1623. The monuments were received from the Voskresensky Derevyanitsky Monastery in Novgorod, where during the years of the Swedish occupation of the Konevets Island the iconostasis of the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin of the Konevets Monastery had been temporarily kept. The time and circumstances of its creation was determined by the document of 1554 informing about the restoration of the church decor after the fire at the expense of the royal treasury. The high level of artisanship of the Deesis, Festival, and Prophetic rows of the Konevets ensemble brought to Tikhvin makes it possible to associate its creation with the leading metropolitan workshop of the mid-16th century. Judging by the style of certain icons, the Novgorod icon painters also worked for that workshop. The Festive row is distinguished by the integrity of the design and the iconography of the icons included in it, and their artistic features find close parallels with the work of Moscow artists, primarily the festive icons of the iconostases of the upper chapels of the Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin (1560s). Both ensembles represent the leading trend of official art of the era of Ivan the Terrible.

The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 18-012-00512.

Reference Shalina, Irina A. Festive Row of the Iconostasis of the Assumption Cathedral of the Big Tikhvin Monastery and Its Place in the Art of the Ivan the Terrible Era. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 11. Eds A. V. Zakharova, S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2021, pp. 360–381. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Antonova V. I.; Mneva N. E. Gosudarstvennaia Tretiakovskaia galereia. Katalog drevnerusskoi zhivopisi. Opyt istoriko-khudozhestvennoi klassifikatsii (State Tretyakov Gallery. Catalogue of the Old Russian Painting. Experience of Historical and Artistic Classification), vol. 2. Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1963. 570 p. (in Russian).
  • Biriukov Iu. B.; Bulkin Val. A. The History of the Konevsky Monastery according to the Documents and the Original Stone Church of the Nativity of the Virgin of the Third Quarter of the 16th Century. Iskusstvo Drevnei Rusi i ego issledovateli (Art of Old Rus and Its Researchers). St. Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg State University Publ., 2002, pp. 22–46 (in Russian).
  • Dopolnenie k aktam istoricheskim, sobrannym i izdannym Arkheograficheskoi komissieiu (Supplement to Historical Acts, Collected and Published by the Archaeographic Commission), vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1846. 435 p. (in Russian).
  • Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Vystavka ‘Itogi ekspeditsii muzeev RSFSR po vyiavleniiu i sobiraniiu proizvedenii drevnerusskogo iskusstva’ (Old Russian Art. Results of Expeditions of the Museums of the RSFSR on the Identification and Collection of Works of Ancient Russian Art, Exhibition Catalogue). Leningrad; Moscow, Sovetskii khudozhnik Publ., 1966. 88 p. (in Russian).
  • Ignashina E. V.; Komarova Yu. B. Ikonostas tserkvi Apostolov Petra i Pavla “v Kozhevnikakh” (Iconostasis of the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul “in Kozhevniki”). Moscow, Verkhov S. I. Publ., 2011. 70 p. (in Russian).
  • Ianin V. L. (ed.). Opis’ Novgoroda 1617 goda (Inventory of Novgorod in 1617). Pamiatniki otechestvennoi istorii. Pt. 3, vol. 1. Moscow, Academy of Sciences SSSR Publ., 1984. 174 p. (in Russian).
  • Istoriko-statisticheskoe opisanie Rozhdestvenskogo Konevskogo monastyria (Sankt-Peterburgskoi eparkhii) (Historical and Statistic Description of the Rozhdestvensky Konevsky Monastery (St. Petersburg Diocese)). St. Petersburg, V. Golovin Publ., 1869. 81 p. (in Russian).
  • Ivanova G. O. Ikonostas Uspenskogo sobora Kirillo-Belozerskogo monastyria (Iconostasis of the Assumption Cathedral of the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery). Moscow, Verkhov S. I. Publ., 2011. 96 p. (in Russian).
  • Kachalova I. Ia.; Maiasova N. A.; Shchennikova L. A. Blagoveshchenskii sobor Moskovskogo Kremlia: K 500-letiiu unikal’nogo pamiatnika russkoi kul’tury (Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin: To the 500th Anniversary of the Unique Monument of Russian Culture). Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1990. 388 p. (in Russian).
  • Laurina V. K.; Pushkarev V. A.; Likhachev D. S. (eds.). Novgorodskaia ikona XII–XVII vekov (Novgorod Icons of the 12th–17th Centuries). Leningrad, Avrora Publ., 1980. 346 p. (in Russian).
  • Moskovskii Kreml’ XVI stoletiia. Drevnie sviatyni i istoricheskie pamiatniki (Moscow Kremlin of the 16th Century. Old Shrines and Historical Monuments), vol. 2. Moscow, Buksmart Publ., 2014. 496 p. (in Russian).
  • Osen’ russkogo srednevekov’ia. Iskusstvo XVII veka v sobranii Russkogo muzeia (Autumn of the Russian Middle Ages. 17th Century Art in the Collection of the Russian Museum), Exhibition Catalogue. St. Petersburg, Palace Editions Publ., 2018. 216 p. (in Russian).
  • Popov G. V.; Dudochkin B. N.; Sheredega N. N. (eds.). Andrei Rublev. Podvig ikonopisaniia. K 650-letiiu velikogo khudozhnika (Andrey Rublev. The Feat of Icon Painting. To The 650th Anniversary of the Great Artist). Moscow, Krasnaia ploshchad’ Publ., 2010. 624 p. (in Russian).
  • “Prechistomu obrazu Tvoemu pokloniaemsia...”. Obraz Bogomateri v proizvedeniiakh iz sobraniia Russkogo muzeia (“We Worship Thy Most Pure Image ...”. The Image of the Mother of God in Works from The Collection of the Russian Museum). St. Petersburg, Palace Edition Publ., 1995. 350 p. (in Russian).
  • PSRL (Complete Collection of Russian Chronicles), vol. 5. Pskovskaia vtoraia i Sofiiskaia pervaia letopisi (Pskov Second and Sophia First Chronicles). St. Petersburg, Arkheograficheskaia komissiia Publ., 1851. 286 p. (in Russian).
  • Russkie monastyri. Iskusstvo i traditsii (Russian Monasteries. Arts and Traditions). St. Petersburg, Palace Edition Publ., 1997. 240 p. (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. (ed.). Iskusstvo Velikogo Novgoroda epokhi sviatitelia Makariia (The Art of Veliky Novgorod in the Era of St. Macarius), Exhibition Catalogue. St. Petersburg, Palace Editions Publ., 2016. 208 p. (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. The Icon of the Holy Trinity with Acts from the Dormition Cathedral of the Tikhvin Monastery. Problems of Dating and Interpretation. Zakharovа A.; Maltseva S.; Staniukovich-Denisova E. (eds.). Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of Articles, vol. 9. Moscow, Moscow State University Publ., St. Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2019, pp. 458–471 (in Russian).
  • Semevskii M. I. Charters of the Derevyanitsky and Konevsky Monasteries. Letopis’ zaniatii Arkheograficheskoi Komissii 1865–1866 (Chronicle of the Archaeographic Commission Studies1865–1866). St. Petersburg, Arkheograficheskaia komissiia Publ., 1868, vol. 4, pp. 18–29 (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. The Iconostasis of the Assumption Cathedral of the Bol’shoy Tikhvin Monastery. Bulkin V. A. (ed.). Iskusstvo Drevnei Rusi i ego issledovateli (Art of Old Rus and Its Researchers), St. Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg State University Publ., 2002, pp. 177–198 (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. Local Row of Iconostases of the Assumption Cathedrals of Tikhvin and Trinity-Sergius Monasteries: Artistic and Symbolic Design. Iskusstvo khristianskogo mira (Art of Christian World), Collection of Articles, vol. 8. Moscow, PSTBI Publ., 2004, pp. 114–127 (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. The Miraculous Icon of The Mother of God of Tikhvin in the History of the Moscow State at the End Of The 15th — the First Half of the 16th Century. Materialy kruglogo stola “Istoriia i razvitie tserkovno-gosudarstvennykh otnoshenii na primere Tikhvinskogo Uspenskogo monastyria”(k 450-letiiu so dnia osnovaniia obiteli)(Materials of the Round Table “History and Development of Church-State Relations on the Example of the Tikhvin Assumption Monastery” (To The 450th Anniversary of the Monastery Foundation). St. Petersburg, Prezidentskaia biblioteka imeni B. N. El’tsina Publ., 2010, pp. 15–23 (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A. The Most Ancient Hanging Veil of the Miraculous Icon of the Mother of God of Tikhvin and the Glorification of the Monastery Shrine. Batalov A. L. (ed.). Vestnik sektora drevnerusskogo iskusstva. Zhurnal po istorii drevnerusskogo iskusstva (Bulletin of the Sector of Old Russian Art. Journal on the History of Old Russian Art), vol. 2 (4). Moscow, State Institute of Art Studies Publ., 2020, pp. 129–145 (in Russian).
  • Shalina I. A.; Preobrazhenskii A. S. Tikhvin as a Major Art Center for Icon Painting of the 17th Century. XXV Nauchnye chteniia pamiati Iriny Petrovny Bolottsevoi (1944–1995) (The 25th Scientific Readings in Memory of Irina Bolotseva (1944–1995), Collection of Articles. Iaroslavl’, Iaroslavskii khudozhestvennyi muzei Publ., 2021, pp. 94–132 (in Russian).
  • Shchennikova L. A. Ikony v Blagoveshchenskom sobore Moskovskogo Kremlia: Deisusnyi i prazdnichnyi riady ikonostasa: Katalog (Icons in the Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin: Deesis and Festive Rows of the Iconostasis: Catalogue). Moscow, Krasnaia ploshchad’ Publ., 2004. 288 p. (in Russian).
  • Smirnova E. S. Moskovskaia ikona XIV–XVII vekov (Moscow Icon of 14–17th Centuries). Moscow, Avrora Publ., 1988. 320 p. (in Russian).
  • Smirnova E. S.; Laurina V. K.; Gordienko E. A. Zhivopis’ Velikogo Novgoroda. 15 vek. Tsentry khudozhestvennoi kul’tury srednevekovoi Rusi (Painting of Veliky Novgorod. 15th Century. Centers of Artistic Culture of Medieval Russia). Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1982. 576 p. (in Russian).
  • Sorokatyi V. M. Novgorod Iconostases in the 16th Century, Their Composition and Iconographic Features. Russkoe iskusstvo pozdnego srednevekov’ia. Obraz i smysl (Russian Art of the Late Middle Ages. Image and Meaning). Moscow, NII teorii i istorii izobrazitel’nykh iskusstv Publ., 1993, pp. 59–102 (in Russian).
  • Sorokatyi V. M.; Lidov A. M. (eds.). Festive Row of the Russian Iconostasis. Iconographic Programs of the 15th–16th Centuries. Ikonostas: proiskhozhdenie, razvitie, simvolika. Sbornik statei (Iconostasis: Origin, Development, Symbolism). Moscow, Progress-Traditsiia Publ., 2000, pp. 465–489 (in Russian).
  • Vorontsova L. M. Ikonostas Troitskogo sobora Troitse-Sergievoi Lavry (Iconostasis of the Trinity Cathedral of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra). Moscow, Verkhov Publ., 2014. 72 p. (in Russian).
  • Vzdornov G. I. Ikony-tabletki Velikogo Novgoroda. Sofiiskie sviattsy (Tablet Icons of Veliky Novgorod. Sofia Calendar). Moscow, Grand-Kholding Publ., 2007. 208 p. (in Russian).