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Title Russian History Painting and the Problem of “National” in Russian Art as Reflected in the Russian Press of the 1860s
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About author Chukcheeva, Maria Aleksandrovna — Ph. D. student. European University at Saint-Petersburg, Gagarinskaia ul., 6/1 A, 191187 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the section Russian Art in the 18th–19th Centuries DOI10.18688/aa200-2-31
Year 2020 Volume 10 Pages 351362
Type of article RAR Index UDK 75.044 Index BBK 85.143 (2); 85.147

The article deals with the discussions about history painting and genre painting in the 1860s which took place in the context of critics’ reflection on the existence of national school of painting. At the beginning of the 1860s, Russian critics observed the decline of history painting in Russia. Some of them emphasized that history painting is not a national kind of art and it slows down the formation of the Russian school of painting, while others supposed that the decay of history painting is equal to the decline of fine arts. Russian critics suggested that a possible development scenario of history painting in Russia lies, firstly, in interrelating history painting and genre painting and, secondly, in borrowing of a subject from national history. In the period in question, critics debated over superiority of either genre painting or history painting and in the end of the decade they formulated the joint task of the two genres — the study of social life. By analysis of the articles about the artistic life published in the newspapers and magazines in the 1860s, the paper aims at the following questions: how did critics estimate Russian history painting, which tasks did they pose for the historical painters? Whereas at the beginning of the 1860s, the critics were inclined to think that the development of history painting was impossible in Russia, by the middle of the decade they opened up anew perspective of its development as an instrument of public education.

Reference Chukcheeva, Maria A. Russian History Painting and the Problem of “National” in Russian Art as Reflected in the Russian Press of the 1860s. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 10. Ed: A. V. Zakharova, S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova. — Lomonosov Moscow State University / St. Petersburg: NP-Print, 2020, pp. 351–362. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
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