ЛЕФАНЦИС МИХАИЛ (Министерство культуры и спорта Греции, Греция), КОРСО АНТОНИО (Университет Падуи, Италия), КОРКА ЭЛЕНИ (Афинский национальный университет имени Каподистрии, Греция). Архитектура и скульптура древней Тенеи в свете новых археологических находок
MICHAIL LEFANTZIS (Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports, Greece). ANTONIO CORSO (University of Padua, Italy), ELENI KORKA (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece). Architecture and Sculpture of Ancient Tenea according to New Archaeological Finds
Tenea was an ancient town south of Corinth.
Until the end of last century, it was known mainly because of the kouros found in this city in the 1840s and brought to Munich, where it is kept.
In the early years of this century, other two kouroi were found and are now exposed in the Museum of Corinth.
Moreover, systematic excavations of the area of the ancient town, directed by Dr. Dr. Eleni Korka, began and brought to light, in chronological sequence, much of the ancient nekropolis, a Roman mausoleum, elements probably pertaining to a monumental altar of Augustan age and finally a significant part of the city’s center and specifically the Roman baths of this town.
During the recent period of the Tenea excavation, some important architectural members have been found, including Ionic and Doric capitals and column drums from different buildings.
Among these limestone blocks there were fragments of triglyphs, a part of a doric epistyle and part of a doric column capital derived probably from the same building.
Measuring the glyphs of the triglyph fragments in which a part of the metopes is saved, incorporated to the blocks, in relation with the taenia and the guttae of the epistyle, we found out that they belong to the same entablature of a middle scale Doric façade.
To this façade probably belongs also the fragment of a Doric capital, with no annulets. The beginning of the flutes is elaborated with a tooth chisel and only a part of the echinus and the hypotrachelion is saved.
After a preliminary analysis we believe that they are similar to those of the prostylon of the Thesaurus of Megara, at Delphi. The blocks of Tenea have the same dimensions and they form a similar building to this Thesaurus.
Based at the exact type of this monument, following the same dimensions and geometry for the formation of the front view we created an hypothetical representation of the blocks as part of the proposed entablature and finally, we have a suggestion regarding the entire front view of the monument, which was probably, an archaic naiskos, situated very near to the present excavation site.
Newly found sculptures shed light on the artistic culture of this center. These sculptures include: a. a fragment attributed to an Apollo of the Omphalos type, which may have been the cult statue of Apollo Teneatis (Strabo 8. 380); b. another fragment perhaps is pertinent to a statue of the so-called ‘Protesilaus’ type; c. the left corner of a pediment; d. a fragment perhaps to be attributed to an Artemis of the Dresden/Versailles/Malta types; e. a fragment of the Skopadic type of the Meleager; f. a statuette of the Knidian Aphrodite; g. a statuette of Stephanusa Aphrodite; and h. we are now studying a relief with Dionysus held by a Satyr which has been walled in the main church of Chiliomodi, the modern village above ancient Tenea, and is said to come from the theater.
These finds allow us to have an idea of the pantheon and of the visual culture of this town from the age of the severe style until the Roman imperial times.
Тенея, Коринф, сокровищница, бани, статуи
Tenea, Corinth, thesauros, baths, statues