Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title Figurative Traditions of Northern Rus and Kama Region in Zoomorphic Pendants of the 11th–13th Centuries
Author email
About author Kuznetsova, Valentina Nikolaevna — Ph. D., researcher. Russian Museum of Ethnography, Inzhenernaia ul., 4/1, 191186 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
In the section Material Culture, Applied Art and Design DOI10.18688/aa188-7-60
Year 2018 Volume 8 Pages 610621
Type of article RAR Index UDK 903.25; 85.103(2)4 Index BBK 85.125.4

The article deals with the research of the plate zoomorphic pendants of the 11th–13th centuries which were found on the territory of north-west and north-east ancient Rus. In the historiography, these adornments were regarded as the degraded forms of the 7th–11th centuries jewelry items. The analysis of stylistics shows that the ancient Russian pendants represent an original phenomenon. Zoomorphic pendants in the form of an animal on a base were formed in the northern lands of ancient Rus’ as the result of the symbiosis of imports from the Kama region and local items. The first ones depict horsemen; the second ones that are typical for the Ladoga area depict deer or elks. The double-headed pendants have not turned out to be the devolutionary form of the Kama adornments in the shape of two horse heads. Their composition could have been influenced by imported items, but the images of animals were taken from the local tradition.

Reference Kuznetsova, Valentina N. Figurative Traditions of Northern Rus and Kama Region in Zoomorphic Pendants of the 11th–13th Centuries. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 8. Ed. S. V. Mal’tseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova, A. V. Zakharova. — St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg Univ. Press, 2018, pp. 610–621. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
  • Anuchin D. N. On Culture of the Kostroma Mounds and Especially on Discovered Adornments and Religious Symbols. Materialy po arheologii vostochnih gubernii Rossii (Archeological Materials of Eastern Russian Provinces), 1899, vol. 3, pp. 237–259 (in Russian).
  • Bashen’kin A. N. Vologda Province in Ancient Times and Middle Ages. Vologda. Kraevedcheskii al’manakh (Vologda. Local History Miscellany), 1997, vol. 2, pp. 5–35 (in Russian).
  • Belavin A. M.; Krylasova N. B. Objects with the Motif of “an Animal/Horseman on a Base” in the Culture of the Middle Age Population of the Northern Eurasia. Arheologiia, antropologiia i etnografiia Evrazii (Archeology, Anthropology and Ethnography of Eurasia), 2010, no. 2 (42), pp. 79–88 (in Russian).
  • Golubeva L. A. Ves’ i slaviane na Belom ozere. X–XIII veka (Ves and Slavs in Beloe Lake. 10th–13th Centuries). Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973. 211 p. (in Russian).
  • Golubeva L. A. Zoomorfnye ukrasheniia finno-ugrov. Svod arheologicheskikh istochnikov (Finno-Ugric Zoomorphic Adornments. Code of the Archeological Sources), no. Е1–59. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1979. 112 p. (in Russian).
  • Gorjunova E. I. Merian Burial Ground on the Rybinsk Sea. Kratkie soobsheniia Instituta istorii material’noi kul’tury (Brief Reports of the Institute of the Material Culture), 1954, vol. 54, pp. 153–163 (in Russian).
  • Iasinski M. Je.; Ovsiannikov O. V. Vzgliad na Evropeiskuiu Arktiku: Arhangel’skii Sever: problemy i istochniki (View on the European Arctic: Problems and Sources), vol. 1. Saint Petersburg, Tsentr “Peterburgskoe vostokovedenie” Publ., 1998. 464 p. (in Russian).
  • Klenov M. V. Middle Age Settlements of the European Northern-West (New on Archaeological Excavations). Permskie finny: arheologicheskie kul’tury i etnosy. Materialy I Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii (Syktyvkar, Respublika Komi, 25–28 sentiabria 2007) (Finns of Perm: Archeological Cultures and Ethnics. Materials of the 1st All-Russian Seminar (Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, September 25–28, 2007)). Syktyvkar, Komi Nauchnii center Ural’skogo otdeleniia Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk Publ., 2007, pp. 145–152 (in Russian).
  • Kochkurkina S. I.; Linevskii A. M. Kurgany letopisnoi vesi X — nachala XIII veka (Annalistic Ves’ Mounds of the 10th — Early 13th Centuries). Petrozavodsk, Karelia Publ., 1985. 223 p. (in Russian).
  • Korol’kova L. V. On One Rare Type of Horse Like Pendants. Iuvelirnoe iskusstvo i material’naia kul’tura: tezisy dokladov uchastnikov piatogo kollokviuma (Jewelry Art and Material Culture: Conference Abstracts of the 5th Academic Conference). Saint Petersburg, The State Hermitage Publ., 1998, pp. 53–54 (in Russian).
  • Kudriashov A. V. Drevnosti Srednei Sheksny X–XIV vekov (Ancientries of the Central Sheksna of the 10th–15th Сenturies). Cherepovets, Cherepovets State University Publ., 2006. 197 p. (in Russian).
  • Kuznetsova V. N. A Man between Two Horses (On a Type of the Two-Headed Pendants). Novye materialy I metody arkheologicheskogo issledovaniia: Materialy III Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh. Moskva, 19–21 marta 2015 (New Materials and Methods of the Archeological Research: Materials of the 3rd International Conference of Young Scientists. Moscow. March 19–21, 2015). Moscow, Institute of Archeology Russian Academy of Science Publ., 2015, pp. 142–143 (in Russian).
  • Makarov N. A. Kolonizatsiia severnykh okrain Drevnei Rusi v XI–XIII vekakh: Po materialam arheologicheskikh pamiatnikov na volokakh Belozer’ia i Poonezh’ia (Colonization of the Northern Outskirts of Ancient Rus in the 11th–13th Centuries: On the Materials of the Archaeological Sites in the Portages of Beloe Lake and Onega Regions). Moscow, Skriptorii Publ., 1997. 368 p. (in Russian).
  • Makarov N. A. Naselenie russkogo severa v XI–XIII vekakh: Po materialam mogil’nikov vostochnogo Prionezh’ia (The Population of the Russian North in the 11th– 13th Centuries: On the Materials of the Burial Grounds of Eastern Onega). Moscow, Nauka Publ, 1990. 216 p. (in Russian).
  • Nefedov F. D. Report on the Archaeological Research in Kostroma Province. Materialy po arheologii vostochnykh gubernii Rossii (Archeological Materials of Eastern Russian Provinces), 1899, vol. 3, pp. 161–236 (in Russian).
  • Oborin V. A. Drevnee iskusstvo narodov Prikam’ia. Permskii zverinyi stil’ (Ancient Art of Peoples of Kama Region. Perm Animal Style). Perm’, Permskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 1976. 190 p. (in Russian).
  • Riabinin E. A. Finno-ugorskie plemena v sostave Drevnei Rusi: K istorii slaviano-finskikh etnokul’turnyh sviazei: istoriko-arheologicheskie ocherki (Finno-Ugric Tribes in the Structure of Ancient Rus: On the History of the Slavic-Finnish Ethnic and Cultural Relations). Saint Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg University Publ., 1997. 260 p. (in Russian).
  • Riabinin E. A. Zoomorfnye ukrasheniia Drevnei Rusi X–XIV vekov. Svod arheologicheskikh istochnikov (Ancient Russian Zoomorphic Adornments of the 10th–14th Centuries. Code of the Archeological Sources), no. Е1–60. Leningrad, Nauka Publ, 1989. 124 p. (in Russian).
  • Saksa A. I. Drevniaia Kareliia v kontse I — nachale II tysiacheletiia nashei eri. Proishozhdenie, istoriia I kul’tura naseleniia letopisnoi Karel’skoi zemli (Ancient Karelia in the End of 1st — Early 2nd millenium AD. Origin, History and Culture of the Annalistic Karelia Land Population). Saint Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriia Publ., 2010. 400 p. (in Russian).
  • Savel’eva E. A. Baltic Finnish Component in the Komi Ethnogeny. Drevnosti slavian i finno-ugrov. Doklady sovetsko-finliandskogo simpoziuma po voprosam arheologii 16–22 maia 1986 (Ancientries of Slaves and Finno-Ugrians. Reports of the Soviet-Finnish Archaeological Symposium May 16–22, 1986). St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 1992, pp. 129–134 (in Russian).
  • Spirgis R. Finds of “Smolensk” Type Zoomorphic Pendants on the Territory of Latvia and a New Interpretation. Stratum Plus, 2012, no. 5, pp. 195–220 (in Russian).
  • Serning I. Lapska offerplatsfynd från järnеlder och medeltid i de svenska Lappmarkerna. Stockholm, Hugo Gebers förlag Publ., 1956. 193 p. (in Swedish).
  • Suvorov A. V.; Zaharov S. D. (eds.). Drevnosti Belozer’ia: Putevoditel’ po arheologicheskoj ekspozitsii Kirillo-Belozerskogo istoriko-arhitekturnogo i khudozhestvennogo muzeia-zapovednika (Ancientries of the Beloe Lake Region: Guide on Archeological Exposition of the Kirillо-Belozerski Historical, Architectural, Art Museum-Reserve). Vologda, Drevnosti Severa Publ., 2010. 96 p. (in Russian).
  • Zachrisson I. De Samiska Metalldepеårna år 1000–1350 i ljuset av fyndet från Mörtträsket, Lappland. Archaeology and Environment, no. 3. Umeå, University of Umeå Publ., 1984. 133 p. (in Swedish).
  • Zaitseva I. E. Non-ferrous Metal Objects. Arheologiia severnorusskoi derevni X–XIII vekov: srednevekovye poseleniia i mogil’niki na Kubenskom ozere (Archeology of Northern Russian Village of 10th–13th Centuries: Middle Ages Settlements and Burial Grounds in Kubensk Lake ), vol. 2. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2008, pp. 57–142 (in Russian).
  • Zakharov S. D. Drevnerusskii gorod Beloozero (Ancient Russian Town Beloozero). Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2004. 592 p. (in Russian).