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Title Images of Antique Cities and “Fire Landscapes” in West European Art of the 16th century
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About author Kostyria, Maksim Alexeevich – Ph. D., associate professor. Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaia nab. 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
In the section The Art of Classical Antiquity in the Mirror of the Renaissance DOI10.18688/aa155-5-53
Year 2015 Volume 5 Pages 484491
Type of article RAR Index UDK 75.046, 7.034 Index BBK 85.14

The article aims to trace the emergence and development of the so-called “Fire Landscapes” in West European art of the 16th century, as well as to consider the iconography of the depicted ancient cities. Landscapes with fires were common in art of the epoch. They derive from the works of H. Bosch who was the first to use an image of burning city for representation of the Hell. In Italy this image was linked to a specific historical or mythological event. Most often painters depicted either burning Rome or Troy.
Three reasons underlay popularity of the genre. Foremost, it was significantly influenced by the historical situation: looting of large cities occurred during numerous wars in Italy and Northern Europe. Secondly, classic literature was an inexhaustible source of this kind of plots. Colourful descriptions of disasters in the works of antique historians and poets formed the basis for paintings and graphic works of the Renaissance masters. Finally, the notions of “variety” and “terribilita” associated with Leonardo and Michelangelo could be embodied anew within the framework of the topic. This, of course, was a distant echo of these concepts, because they had evolved to external decoration and theatrical effects.

Reference Maksim Kostyria. Images of Antique Cities and “Fire Landscapes” in West European Art of the 16th century. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 5. Eds: Svetlana V. Maltseva, Ekaterina Yu. Stanyukovich-Denisova, Anna V. Zakharova. St. Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2015, pp. 484–491. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language russian
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