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Title Inspiration with Antiquity in Polish Art around 1900s
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About author Jerzy Malinowski — Ph. D., President of Polish Institute of World Art Studies, Full Professor, Head of Department of Modern Art. Nicolaus Copernicus University, Sienkiewicza str., 29/31, 87–100 Toruń, Polland. Irina Gavrash — Ph. D. student. University of Gdańsk, Jana Bażyńskiego 1A, 80–952 Gdańsk, Polland
In the section Art of the 20th–21st Centuries. Faces of Classical Antiquity in the Labyrinth of Modernity DOI10.18688/aa155-8-76
Year 2015 Volume 5 Pages 698702
Type of article RAR Index UDK 7.038.17 Index BBK 85.03

Antiquity became in Polish art the basis for formal experiments related to neoclassicism also inspired by Puvis de Chavannes. The sources can be traced to the drawings to Iliad (1897) of StanisławWyspiański, with rich styling of lines, ornament and the human form rooted in Art Nouveau, as well as synthetic mythological sculpture of Henryk Glicenstein. Inspirations with Greek sculpture since 1905 led the sculptor Elie Nadelman to “volumetric” drawing compositions which resulted in the proto-cubistic geometrization of the face. Nadelman influenced Eugene Zak’s and Jerzy Merkel’s idyllic compositions presenting pairs of lovers or young women. It revealed discordance between the timeless beauty of the southern landscape and a sense of transience, symbolized by the motifs of ruins and old buildings. The type of ideal landscape with conical mountains, wide, misty water splashes, stylized silhouettes of trees and asymmetrical construction of the image, foreshadowed Art Déco.

Reference Jerzy Malinowski, Irina Gavrash. Inspiration with Antiquity in Polish Art around 1900s. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 5. Eds: Svetlana V. Maltseva, Ekaterina Yu. Stanyukovich-Denisova, Anna V. Zakharova. St. Petersburg, NP-Print Publ., 2015, pp. 698–702. ISSN 2312-2129.
Publication Article language english
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