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Title The Memory of the World War II in the Contemporary Art of Austria: The Political Voice of Art
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About author Ľudmila Mešková — Doc., Ph. D., head of department. Matej Bel University, Tajovského 40, 97401 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. Eva Höhn — Mag., Ph. D., assistant professor. Matej Bel University, Tajovského 40, 97401 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia.
In the section Art Theory DOI10.18688/aa200-4-56
Year 2020 Volume 10 Pages 618623
Type of article RAR Index UDK 7.036(4) Index BBK 71.4 (3); 63.3(4Авс)6

The article is devoted to the understanding of art as the medium through which society, depending on the current situation, redefines its history. In our opinion it is precisely at this point that the contribution of cultural theory to social practice lies. The social discourse of the Holocaust and the Second World War, which was reinforced in Western Europe at the end of the 20th century, will also give rise to art. A great part of this process isdue to the current Austrian literature. The voice of the art in Austria grows in power always when conservative, right-wing forces are on the rise. The art installation of Wolfgang Keller “who threw the first stone” near the wall of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna (2000) became the trigger mechanism of the famous Viennese protest of cultural figures against the coming to power of Jörg Haiders right-wing party. Earlier, in the year 1988, writer Thomas Bernhard responded with the play Heldenplatz to the affair of Austrian President Kurt Waldheim. Elfriede Jelinek, the Nobel Prize winner for literature, often criticized the Austrian right-wing party FPÖ in her work. The Holocaust debate has an extraordinary influence on the Austrian cinema as well as on the cinematography of the countries involved in the orbit of Austrian art. One of the most recent examples is Tlmočník (2018), the movie about Austria and Slovakia during the Second World War by Slovak director Martin Šulík.

Reference Mešková, Ľudmila; Höhn, Eva. The Memory of the World War II in the Contemporary Art of Austria: The Political Voice of Art. Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art: Collection of articles. Vol. 10. Ed: A. V. Zakharova, S. V. Maltseva, E. Iu. Staniukovich-Denisova. — Lomonosov Moscow State University / St. Petersburg: NP-Print, 2020, pp. 618–623. ISSN 2312-2129.
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